Books and Journal Articles

Hugo Adam Bedau (1990) ‘Philosophical Perspectives: Imprisonment vs Death: Does Avoiding Schwarzschild’s Paradox lead to Sheleff’s Dilemma?’ Albany Law Review, 54(3/4), 481-495

Jonathan Bild (2015) ‘The Whole-Life Sentence in England and Wales’, Cambridge Law Journal, 74(1), 1-4

Diarmuid Griffin (2015) ‘The Release and Recall of Life Sentence Prisoners: Policy, Practice and Politics’, Irish Jurist, 53(1)

Roger Hood and Carolyn Hoyle (2015) The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective (Oxford, Oxford University Press)

Ashley Nellis (2013) ‘Tinkering with Life: A Look at the Inappropriateness of Life Without Parole as an Alternative to the Death Penalty’, University of Miami Law Review, 67(2), 439-457

Julian H Wright Jr (1990) ‘Life Without Parole: An Alternative to Death or Not Much of a Life At All?’ Vanderbilt Law Review, 43(2), 529-568


Advocates for Human Rights, Greater Caribbean for Life, World Coalition Against the Death Penalty (2014) ‘Malawi: Submission to the Universal Periodic Review’

Advocates for Human Rights, Greater Caribbean for Life, World Coalition Against the Death Penalty (2015) ‘Saint Kitts and Nevis: Submission to the Universal Periodic Review’

Edward Fitzgerald QC and Keir Starmer QC (2007) ‘A Guide to Sentencing in Capital Cases’ (Oxford, Death Penalty Project and Simons Muirhead and Burton, funded by the European Commission/FCO)

Roger Hood and Florence Seemungal (2011) ‘Public Opinion Survey on the Mandatory Death Penalty in Trinidad’ (The Death Penalty Project and University of the West Indies Faculty of Law, Co-funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office)

Penal Reform International (2012) ‘The abolition of the death penalty and its alternative sanction in East Africa: Kenya and Uganda’

Blogs and Media Reports

Kenneth E Hartman and Marian Vannier, ‘America’s Other Death Penalty Problem’, Oxford Centre for Criminology Blog, 30 March 2015

Alan Travis, ‘European judges uphold British courts’ right to impose “whole life” tariffs’, Guardian, 3 February 2015

Clint Smith, ‘The Meaning of Life Without Parole’, The New Yorker, 8 February 2016

Sarah Solon, ‘The Truth About Choosing Between Life and Death’, ACLU Blog, 6 January 2014

Marion Vannier, ‘Life Without Parole Sentencing Violates Human Rights’, Montreal Gazette, 1 April 2015